Marriage Story: A Cautionary Tale on Selecting a Divorce Attorney
Netflix recently released a film that warrants the attention of anyone who has been through the divorce process, is currently involved in a divorce, or is considering divorce. The film is Marriage Story, and it stars Adam Driver and Scarlett Johansson as two young parents who must come to terms with the end of their marriage, and navigate their way through the divorce process.
As a film buff, and divorce lawyer for over twenty years, I watched this film with a critical eye. With a few minor exceptions, the film brilliantly and accurately captured many of the struggles and challenges that individuals face as they go through a divorce. The divorce attorneys in the film (portrayed by Laura Dern, Ray Liotta, and Alan Alda), while fictional, are characters that I recognized from my own practice. The arguments advanced by those attorneys in the film are arguments that would be familiar to any family law practitioner. From the feel of the courthouse hallways (where a passing shot captures a heated argument of two litigants frustrated by the divorce process) to the cringe-inducing exchanges of the custody evaluation, Marriage Story had numerous authentic scenes.
For someone dealing with the divorce process, one of the most important lessons to take from the film is the importance of taking control of one’s divorce litigation.
While Charlie and Nicole (the divorcing protagonists of the film) are resigned to the fact that their marriage has run its course, the story makes clear from the outset that neither wants a knockdown-drag out divorce. That levelheaded approach to divorce (the opposite extreme of the tactics employed by characters Charlie and Barbara Rose, in War of the Roses) is refreshing. It encourages the viewer to hope, along with the protagonists, that they will be able to make it through their divorce with few battle scars, and end up with an amicable co-parenting relationship.
Enter the attorneys.
Make no mistake, Marriage Story is not without antagonists, and those roles are reserved, primarily, for the divorce attorneys. There are multiple attorneys in the film, and each is presented, in different ways, as having a strong personality. We first meet Nora, played by Laura Dern, who has mastered the art of the intimate “best friend” consult so thoroughly that she does not give a second thought to slipping off her shoes and joining Nicole, her prospective client, on the couch, less than five minutes into their first meeting. Within minutes, Nora has Nicole convinced that she is the victim, and that her husband Charlie is the villain. While Nora’s relational style of representation is effective and her motives may be sincere, there are multiple occasions in the film where she takes actions on behalf of her client that are contrary to her client’s wishes:
OK, good. Thank you for everything, Nora
You’re welcome, doll. (pause) And when Charlie’s in
LA, I got the custody breakdown to be 55/45, so
you’ll have Henry one extra day every two weeks...
I thought we made it equal.
I tweaked it at the last minute. I just didn’t
want him to be able to say he got 50/50.
NICOLE But I don’t—
Bragging to his friends.
--want to do that. NORA Take it! You won.
Nora’s counterpart is Jay Marotta, played by Ray Liotta, who not only convinces his prospective client, Charlie, that his wife is the true villain, but that she must be destroyed by any means necessary. At the initial consult, Ray, with the assistance of his associate, lays out an aggressive strategy to fight fire with fire, showing little regard for Charlie’s clear misgivings about this scorched-earth strategy:
Does your wife’s family have money?
Her mother has some from her
TV career and her father died—
We could say we don’t want her mother
to see the kid, draw HER into the case.
In that instance, her mother
could pay your legal fees too.
(can’t believe his ears)
No. I’m very close to her mom.
Nicole’s family has been my family- -
That’s going to change and I suggest you get
used to that. (to Ted) We should hire a private investigator—
Really? I mean...REALLY?
We need to look for ways we
can show she’s a bad mother.
But she’s not.
Finally, there is Bert Spitz, played by Alan Alda, the antithesis of attorney Jay Marotta. Bert is personable, collaborative, and, unfortunately for Charlie, too quick to recommend conceding on the central dispute in Charlie’s divorce, which is the question of where the parties’ son will reside, Los Angeles or New York. It is interesting to note that while Bert’s conciliatory approach and soft spoken manner may make him appear as less of an antagonist, his advice leads to just as much trouble for Charlie as that of Ray, the pit bull:
BERT (a bit overwhelmed)
Nora’s a very good lawyer.
And you’re in a bind because you’ve
shown that you’re willing to fly out here
and rent an apartment to see your son—
You told me to do that!
I know that.
And I’m doing that because I want
to see my kid. Not to set a precedent.
Yes, but unfortunately you are setting a
precedent. And a judge may look at it that way.
What’s the alternative? I stay in
New York and never come out here?
No, because then it will look to the court
like you don’t care about seeing your son.
Court or no court, stop saying
court and then never court!
Well, the way this is going, we
might have to go to court.
Are you aware how maddening you sound?
Charlie and Nicole begin the process committed to an amicable divorce, but before it is over, mud is slung in the courtroom, holes are punched in walls, and a child is used as a pawn—all because both Charlie and Nicole allowed themselves to get caught up in a system that feeds off of chaos, if you let it.
One of the most important decisions that a person contemplating a divorce must make is choosing the right attorney. At Laterra & Hodge, we endorse an IDEAL approach for choosing an attorney. The IDEAL attorney is one who displays Integrity, Diplomacy, Empathy, Advocacy and Legal Knowledge. The IDEAL attorney must be both diplomat and advocate, simultaneously pursuing all reasonable avenues of settlement, while also knowing when it is necessary to stand firm on a position and litigate. Not all cases can be settled, and there are times when a trial is not only unavoidable, but the appropriate course of action. An attorney must have the integrity to put his or her client’s interests at the forefront, the empathy to appreciate the client’s individual needs and concerns, and the legal knowledge to know when it makes sense to settle and when it makes sense to litigate.
At Laterra & Hodge, this is the IDEAL approach that we seek to implement in all of our cases.